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https://assobrafirciencia.org/article/doi/10.47066/2177-9333.AC.2020.0024
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Artigo de Revisão

As intervenções fisioterapêuticas motoras e seus efeitos em pacientes de unidade de terapia intensiva adulto: uma revisão integrativa da literatura

Zulamar Aguiar Cargnin, Norma Beatriz Dias Rangel

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Resumo

Introdução: A intervenção fisioterapêutica motora pode prevenir ou diminuir a fraqueza muscular de pacientes em tratamento intensivo. Objetivo: descrever as intervenções fisioterapêuticas motoras e seus efeitos nos desfechos clínicos de pacientes adultos em UTI. Métodos: revisão integrativa de literatura. As buscas aconteceram nas bases Scielo, PubMed, Scopus e Embase com artigos em inglês, espanhol e português de 2012 a 2021. O caminho metodológico foi conduzido com o auxílio do software Atlas Ti. Resultados: Foram incluídas 21 publicações. Estas, imergiram três categorias temáticas: “mobilização precoce”, “cicloergômetro” e “estimulação elétrica neuromuscular”. A avaliação pela escala PEDro mostrou o predomínio de pesquisas de média qualidade Conclusões: o interesse dos últimos anos concentrou-se na mobilização precoce, estimulação elétrica neuromuscular e exercícios em cicloergômetro. Devido à qualidade metodológica média dos estudos e aos desfechos heterogêneos há, ainda, evidências insuficientes para guiar a prática clínica.

Palavras-chave

Unidades de Terapia Intensiva; Modalidades de Fisioterapia; Cuidados Críticos; Mobilização Precoce; Estimulação Elétrica.

Referências

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Submetido em:
21/01/2021

Aceito em:
07/07/2021

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