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https://assobrafirciencia.org/article/doi/10.47066/2177-9333.AC.2020.0019
ASSOBRAFIR Ciência
Artigo de Revisão

Correlação entre a obesidade e o COVID-19: revisão integrativa

Luiz Fernando Isaias da Rocha, Arlete Ana Motter

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Resumo

Introdução: O surto da doença COVID-19, causada pelo novo coronavírus SARS-CoV-2, levou a OMS (Organização Mundial da Saúde) a declarar uma nova pandemia. Concomitante a esse cenário, encontramos a obesidade que se caracteriza como fator de risco para o COVID-19, sendo que o vírus utiliza o tecido adiposo como reservatório primário para o aumento da carga viral integral. Objetivo: Portanto, essa revisão tem por objetivo reunir e sintetizar informações proveniente dos artigos analisados sobre a relação entre obesidade e COVID-19 e ressaltar a importância da prevenção do COVID-19 nesse grupo e as possíveis lacunas encontradas sobre o tema. Métodos: A coleta de dados foi realizada na PubMed em dezembro de 2020. Além disso, foram incluídos artigos em inglês, espanhol e português, limitando a pesquisa a ensaios clínicos, meta-análises e revisões sistemáticas, do período de 2020 a 2021, utilizando-se as seguintes palavras chaves: “Obesity AND SARS-Cov-2 OR obesity AND Covid-19”. Resultados: Foram incluídos 19 artigos nessa revisão integrativa. O número de pacientes obesos foi observado em 11 artigos, correspondendo a aproximadamente 31% do total de participantes. A maior parte dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino e acima de 60 anos. Conclusão: Por fim, observou-se que a obesidade mostra-se ligada ao prognóstico grave do COVID-19, bem como pacientes obesos com o coronavírus SARS-CoV-2 têm maior risco de serem hospitalizados, admitidos em uma unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI), necessitarem do uso de ventilação mecânica invasiva (VMI) e irem a óbito.

Palavras-chave

Obesidade, COVID-19, SARS-COV-2.

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Submetido em:
19/03/2021

Aceito em:
06/06/2021

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