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https://assobrafirciencia.org/article/doi/10.47066/2177-9333.AC.2019.0015
ASSOBRAFIR Ciência
Artigo Científico Original

Efeitos do exercício aeróbico na qualidade de vida e capacidade funcional, após cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio

MIOZZO, Aline Paula; STEIN, Cinara; SISTO, Isadora Rebolho; MARCOLINO, Miriam Zago; HAUCK, Melina; CORONEL, Christian Corrêa; PLENTZ, Rodrigo Della Méa .

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Resumo

Introdução: As doenças cardiovasculares seguem em expansão no mundo e são uma das principais causas de mortalidade. A cirurgia cardíaca visa aumentar a expectativa de vida e reduzir os sintomas, porém, ainda, com elevadas taxas de complicações. Objetivo: Verificar os efeitos do exercício aeróbico na qualidade de vida e na capacidade funcional de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio. Metodologia: Durante 36 sessões, 18 pacientes foram submetidos a exercício aeróbico em esteira, visando à frequência cardíaca alvo, calculada a partir da frequência cardíaca máxima, obtida por teste ergométrico prévio, com incremento a cada 12 sessões. Qualidade de vida foi avaliada por SF-36 e capacidade funcional pelo TC6min., antes e após as sessões. Resultados: Houve melhora em cinco dos oito domínios do SF-36 (capacidade funcional p=0,001; aspectos físicos p = 0,001; dor p=0,002; vitalidade p = 0,001 e aspectos emocionais p = 0,010) e a melhora da capacidade funcional com aumento aproximado de 84 metros no teste de caminhada (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Exercício aeróbico é benéfico na melhora da qualidade de vida e capacidade funcional, contribuindo, assim, para minimizar os efeitos negativos da cirurgia cardíaca.

Palavras-chave

Revascularização do Miocárdio; Treinamento Aeróbico; Reabilitação; Qualidade de Vida.

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Submetido em:
28/09/2020

Aceito em:
30/09/2020

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